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APA Handout

APA Reference Citations- Peer Reviewed Journals

Two Authors:

Flegal, K. M., & Carroll, M. D. (2012). Prevalence of obesity and trends in the distribution of body mass index among US adults, 1999-2010. The Journal of the American Medical Association, 307(5), 491–497. doi:10.1001/jama.2012.39

Three to seven Authors:

Flegal, K. M., Carroll, M. D., Kit, B. K., & Ogden, C. L. (2012). Prevalence of obesity and trends in the distribution of body mass index among US adults, 1999-2010. The Journal of the American Medical Association, 307(5), 491–497. doi:10.1001/jama.2012.39

More Than Seven Authors

Miller, F. H., Choi, M. J., Angeli, L. L., Harland, A. A., Stamos, J. A., Thomas, S. T., …  Rubin, L. H. (2012). Prevalence of obesity and trends in the distribution of body mass index among US adults, 1999-2010. The Journal of the American Medical Association, 307(5), 491–497. doi:10.1001/jama.2012.39

APA In-Text Citations

A work by two authors: Name both authors in the parentheses using an ampersand between the authors’ names each time you cite the work.  

  • Research supports this conclusion (Wegner & Petty, 1994).

A work by three to five authors: List all the authors in the parentheses the first time you cite the source. 

  • (Kernis, Cornell, Sun, Berry, & Harlow, 1993)

In subsequent citations, only use the first author’s last name followed by “et al.” in the parentheses. 

  • (Kernis et al., 1993)

Six or more authors: Use the first author’s name followed by et al. in the parentheses.

  • (Harris et al., 2001)

Can't find the DOI?

Wallace, S. P., Cocharn, S. D., Durazo, E. M., & Ford, C. L. (2011). The health of aging lesbian, gay, and bisexual adults in California. Policy Brief UCLA Center of Health Policy Research, (0), 1-8. PMCID: PMC3698220

Wallace, S. P., Cochran, S. D., Durazo, E. M., & Ford, C. L. (2011). The health of aging lesbian, gay and bisexual adults in California. Policy Brief (UCLA Center for Health Policy Research), 1. (Incorrect)

Rodríguez, D. A., Cho, G. H., Evenson, K. R., Conway, T. L., Cohen, D., Ghosh-Dastidar, B., ... Lytle, L. A. (2012). Out and about: association of the built environment with physical activity behaviors of adolescent females. Health & place, 18(1), 55-62. http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.healthplace.2011.08.020

Inagawa, T., Hamagishi, T., Takaso, Y., Hitomi, Y., Kambayashi, Y., Hibino, Y., ... Takamuku, K. (2013). Decreased activity of daily living produced by the combination of Alzheimer’s disease and lower limb fracture in elderly requiring nursing care. Environmental health and preventive medicine, 18(1), 16. http://dx.doi.org/10.1007/s12199-012-0283-9

APA Citations - Websites ie: CDC

Author, A. A., & Author, B. B. (Date of publication). Title of article. Title of Online Periodical, volume number(issue number if available). Retrieved from http://www.someaddress.com/full/url/

**To create in text citations with references with the same author and year you will must include a letter within the year to differentiate between the references.**

Centers for Disease and Control and Prevention. (2017a). Overconsumption of boba at UCI. Retrieved from https://www.cdc.gov/bobaepidemic/

Centers for Disease and Control and Prevention. (2017b). Foodborne illnesses in 2 dollar boba. Retrieved from https://www.cdc.gov/bobafoodborne/


APA Quiz Review

  1. What would an in-text citation include when the author of a source is unknown?

It would include the first few words of the Reference list entry of that work and the year. It would only include the word anonymous if the work's author is stated as anonymous.

Incorrect:

It would include the word anonymous and the year of publication.

  1. When should et al. be used in for in-text citations in APA style?

If there are six or more authors, you use the first author's name followed by et al. in the first and subsequent citations.

  1. Multiple parenthetical references ... are separated by a semicolon.
  1. What would an APA in-text citation include in parentheses when the source is quoted directly and the author's name is not mentioned in the text?

Author, followed by year of publication, and page number preceded by p.: (Doe, 2007, p. 25)

Incorrect:

Author and year of publication: (Doe, 2007)

Author, followed by year of publication, and page number: (Doe, 2007, 25)

Author and page number: (Doe, 25)

  1. Which of the following is cited correctly in APA style?
  1. M. Smeagol and P. J. Smeagol (1999) define pointers as "variables that contain as their values addresses of other variables" (p. 294).

Incorrect:

  1. M. Smeagol and P. J. Smeagol define pointers as "variables that contain as their values addresses of other variables" (1999, p. 294).
  1. M. Smeagol and P. J. Smeagol (C How to Program) define pointers as "variables that contain as their values addresses of other variables" (p. 294).
  1. In APA style, a long quotation which is more than 40 words long needs ... to be double-spaced, indented half an inch, and not enclosed in quotation marks.
  1. In APA style, personal communications (e-mail, memos, letters) need to include the author's initials and the exact date of communication and ... are not included in the Reference list.
  1. Each source listed in the Reference list must be cited in text.
  1. In APA style, the first name of the author in a Reference list is not spelled out.
  1. How are entries ordered in a Reference list?

By author's last name first, then date of publication, then title.

  1. If an entry in a Reference list is longer than one line, second and all subsequent lines need to be indented half an inch.
  1. How are two or more works by the same author cited in a Reference list in APA style?

Doe, J. (2006). Title of Book 1. City: Publisher. 

Doe, J. (2007). Title of Book 2. Location: First Publishing House.

  1. Which of the following is the correct APA Reference list entry?

Reeves, S. (2000). Database Programming with JDBC and Java.Beijing: O'Reilly Media.

Incorrect:

Reeves, Steve. Database programming with JDBC and Java. Beijing: O'Reilly Media. 2000.

  1. Select the correct usage of in-text citation in APA style.

Experienced listeners are better able to comprehend accented speech, regardless of the type of accent (Bass & Chuck, 1984).

Incorrect:

Experienced listeners are better able to comprehend accented speech, regardless of the type of accent (Bass and Chuck 1984).

Experienced listeners are better able to comprehend accented speech, regardless of the type of accent (Bass & Chuck).

Experienced listeners are better able to comprehend accented speech, regardless of the type of accent (Susan Bass and Evangeline Chuck).

  1. Select the correct usage of in-text citation in APA style.

Barks and Watts (2001) provide an excellent outline of interactive classroom activities for addressing plagiarism in a cross-cultural setting.

Incorrect:

Debbie Barks and Patricia Watts (2001) provide an excellent outline of interactive classroom activities for addressing plagiarism in a cross-cultural setting.

Barks & Watts provide an excellent outline of interactive classroom activities for addressing plagiarism in a cross-cultural setting.

Debbie Barks and Patricia Watts in their study “Textual borrowing strategies for graduate-level ESL writers” (2001) provide an excellent outline of interactive classroom activities for addressing plagiarism in a cross-cultural setting.

  1. Select the reference example that has the correct format for APA style.

Gu, Q., & Brooks, J. (2008). Beyond the accusation of plagiarism. System: An International Journal of Educational Technology and Applied Linguistics, 36(3), 337–352.

Incorrect:

Gu, Qing and Brooks, Jane. (2008). Beyond the accusation of plagiarism. System: An International Journal of Educational Technology and Applied Linguistics, 36(3), 337–352.

Gu, Q., Brooks, J. (2008). Beyond the accusation of plagiarism. System: An International Journal of Educational Technology and Applied Linguistics, 36(3), 337–352.

  1. Select the reference example that has the correct format for APA style.

Jackson, P. A. (2006). Plagiarism instruction online: Assessing undergraduate students' ability to avoid plagiarism. College & Research Libraries, 67(5), 418–428.

Incorrect:

Jackson, Pamela A. (2006). Plagiarism instruction online: Assessing undergraduate students' ability to avoid plagiarism. College & Research Libraries, 67(5), 418–428.

Jackson, P. A. (2006). Plagiarism Instruction Online: Assessing Undergraduate Students' Ability to Avoid Plagiarism. College & Research Libraries, 67(5), 418–428.

  1. In APA style the list of references should be in order by: Alphabetical by first author’s last name
  1. Select the correct format for the title page in APA style.

Deconstructing Plagiarism

Incorrect:

DECONSTRUCTING PLAGIARISM

Deconstructing plagiarism

  1. Select the correct format for the title page in APA style.

Language and Anxiety: An Ethnographic Study of International Postgraduate Students

Lorraine Brown

University of Bournemouth

Incorrect:

Language and Anxiety: An Ethnographic Study of International Postgraduate Students
Lorraine Brown
University of Bournemouth

Language and anxiety: An ethnographic study of international postgraduate students

Lorraine Brown

University of Bournemouth

  1. If you were citing an e-book what would be the proper citation format?

Post, E. (1923). Etiquette in society, in business, in politics, and at home. New York, NY: Funk & Wagnalls. Retrieved from http://www.bartleby.com/95/

Incorrect:

Kraizer, S. (2011). Safety on the Internet. Retrieved from http://safechild.org/categoryparents/safety-on-the-internet/


Johnston, J. (Director). (2004). Hidalgo. [Motion Picture]. United States, Touchstone/Disney.

Rogers, E. M. (2003). Diffusion of innovation (5th ed.). New York, NY: Free Press.

  1. If you were citing a website with an author without a publication date, what would be the proper citation format?

Krazier, S. (n. d.). Safety on the Internet. Retrieved from http://safechild.org/categoryparents/safety-on-the-internet/

Incorrect:

Krazier, Stephanie. (2011). Safety on the Internet. Retrieved from http://safechild.org/categoryparents/safety-on-the-internet/

Kraizer, S. (2011). Safety on the Internet. Retrieved from http://safechild.org/categoryparents/safety-on-the-internet/

  1. Correct spacing between lines is: 2 lines
  1. To correctly set margins they need to be set to: 1 inch all around
  1. Select the correct format for the running head in APA style.

Running head: DECONSTRUCTING PLAGIARISM

Incorrect:

Running head: Deconstructing Plagiarism

Running Head: DECONSTRUCTING PLAGIARISM

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