Lab Report: 5.8.5 Explore IP Configuration
Fix the Subnet mask on Exec
Fix the Gateway on Exec
Enable the Scope on the DHCP Server
Fix the 003 Router option on the DHCP Server Configure Exec for DHCP
In this lab, you should have completed the following:
DHCP Enabled: No. This tells us that the Server is configured with a static IP address and is not enabled for DHCP
IPv4 Address: 192.168.0.10
Subnet Mask: 255.255.255.0. The Server is using the default subnet mask for the Class C IP address range.
Default Gateway: 192.168.0.5
The router's internal interface is configured as the default gateway.
DHCP Enabled: No
IPv4 Address: 192.168.0.62
Subnet Mask: 255.255.255.240
Default Gateway: 192.168.0.4
This information provides us with at least two clues to the problem:
Default Gateway are not on the same network. In addition, the subnet mask is not the default
subnet mask for the Class C IP address range being used. With 255.255.255.240 as a subnet mask, the network would only include addresses from 192.168.0.48 to 192.168.0.63. The IP address for CorpServer (192.168.0.10) and the ISP fall outside of this range. The information in step 4 confirms that the default subnet mask for the Class C IP address range (255.255.255.0) is being used.
The ICMP packets are not returning from the first hop (gateway) in its path to the ISP. Exec is not finding the gateway.
The gateway address on Exec is not configured correctly. (The gateway address (router) on the network diagram is 192.168.0.5.)
DHCP Enabled: Yes. This tells us that the workstation is configured to use a DHCP server.
IPv4 Address: This address is in the APIPA range (169.254.0.1 to 169.254.255.254). This means that the workstation assigned itself an IP address instead of receiving one from the DHCP server. The workstation will only be able to communicate with other hosts on the local network that have also configured their own IP address through APIPA.
Subnet Mask: 255.255.0.0. This is the default subnet mask for the APIPA address.
Default Gateway: (blank). This means that communication is limited only to other workstations on the local network.
DHCP Server line is not shown. This means that the workstation was unable to contact the DHCP server. DNS Servers line is not shown for IPv4.
Since DHCP is enabled, the rest of the information should have come from the DHCP server. We can conclude that there is an issue with the DHCP server.
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