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The aim of this essay is to discuss the reasons of change in the organisation and its effect on the operation of the firms. In this easy personal experience of bringing change in the organisation will be analysed and the outcome will be supported by the expert observations and models and theories of organisational change.
This incident is about a renown food and staple retail company of Australia namely Woolworths. In this company I joined as an employee under general manager of supermarket operations in Woolworths. I had been working in the back office for more than two years. On the first year of my operation, I did not find any problem with my job role or responsibility as I was quite dependable to manage any type of issues regarding the supermarket operation. The actual incidenthappened when there was an accusation that the store managers were employing foreigner students in the stores but not paying them fairly. My department was responsible to act as the bridge between the company and the customers. We had to take care of the all 995 stores of Woolworths in all over the country (Woolworths.com.au 2018). Therefore, the general manager was responsible to take care of the demands of the customers in one hand and answer all the quarries of the director of the supermarket on the other.
e="text-align: justify;">This incident was critical because this incident when published in the newspaperhad affected productivity of the employees in one hand and defamed the reputation of the corporation. This also affected the customer base we had developed through highly commendable effort as the loyal customersreduced visiting the stores which affect the business greatly. My personal concerns at the time was the employee turnover as the higher authority decided to reduce expenses on the salaries of the ground level employees for which I was feeling helpless as well as threatened. I with my colleagues underwent several enquiries by the higher authority as they were suspecting each and every employees of the organisation to have connection with this unethical practice.
In this grave situation, the organisation was particularly demanding change in the leadership who will be able to manage this situation, restore the trust of the employees, suppliers, shareholders and other stakeholders who were connected at any level of the organisation. The change in the management will have a complete change in the style of leadership, increase the motivating factors among them employees and instigate the production which will help the company to regain its fame in the national retail market of Australia (Farndale and Kelliher 2013).
In this regard of organisational change, there are different expert observations. To the scholars like Schulz,Martin and Meyer(2017), the internal factors of the organization is solely responsible to introduce changes in the corporations. The internal factors such as the shortage within the existing organization, the nature of work force and the inability to avoid the inertia developments directly affect the companies. These factors take them to understand the requirement for bringing some changes in the organization. Therefore, the organizations need to adapt to the changes in the working environment. Josefy et al. (2015) have pointed out that the factors like absence of the coordination amongst the personnel, hierarchy of managerial levels, issues in the communication system and the inconsistency among existing policies ignite the required change for the organization.
To Banit (2017), employees within the institution are also important for considering the need of changes. This unauthentic situation affecting Woolworths is mainly the outcome of breach of trust among the employees with the management. The management level in this company has employees of middle-age who are only loyal to themselves. Therefore, the younger ones especially these students are concerned with their career. Avoidance of inactivity development has been another most ordinary internal factor which creates scope for organizational change. Managers or leaders hence implement changes to avoid inactivity in this case of Woolworths it is the unethical activity that created the ground for leadership change. In the words of Schaffer, Sandau and Diedrick (2013), managers bring changes within the organizations as the managers believe that there is no single policy even tool is best fitted for their companies.
As mentioned before, after the news of unethical operation in the company spread the country, the customer base reduced drastically and our suppliers, with whom we had a bond of trust, gradually left our side. The legal steps against the company were taken hence the shareholders also decided not to provide any type of support. In this regard, the leadership change in the organisation became essential so that the bond can be restored. In this regard, Human resource management interventions were taken.
The models and theories of organisational change include Lewin's Force-Field Theory of Change. In this theory, the reason of changes has various facets mainly emerging from the method of operations of the companies this can the structure, control systems as well as organisational culture. In addition to this, the changing process of tasks and other general environments can push the organisations towards the change. To the theorist, the two opposing sets of organizational change create conflicts (Holland 2016). Hence the management need to find ways for increasing the forces of change but decrease the resistance or tackle booth forces at the same time. To this theory, three stages of change management are unfreezing, make changes and refreeze.
To McKinsey 7-S model, there are seven aspects of the organizations which affect one another based on which the management take initiatives for change. These aspects are strategy, structure, systems, shared values, style, staff and skills (Lines, Sullivan and Wiezel 2015). In changing the operations in the organization, these seven stages have to support one another then plan incremental changes if these are not happening in the company. According to Kotter’s theory, the changes need to be focus on the change itself rather focus on the people associated or affected by this change. This theory creates urgency for change and maintains that momentum. This theory perfectly fits with the criteria and current climate of the Woolworths striving for change in the leadership (Nasim 2018). To this theory there are eight perfect steps which the organizations can follow to initiate and impedimenta changes.Finally the ADKAR model of change management focuses on the efforts of the individuals behind the change (Abdelgawad et al. 2013). This model is more a set of objectives than a sequential method. It is clear that the organizations need to have proper goals and before they initiate the change in the organizations therefore, ADKAR model can be used to effectively plan out the change at the individual as well as organisational level. The ADKAR model is based on “Awareness, Desire, Knowledge, Ability and Reinforcement”. It is important for the organizations to be aware of the needs of the changes initiated after which the stakeholders will be desired to participate as well as support the change (Rizescu and Tileag 2016). They will have a clear visions and knowledge on the proper method of change. It is mandatory that the organization must have capabilities to implement all the required skills and behaviours. After the planning and implementation of the changes needed in the organization, the reinforcement or sustaining he changes in important as there are diverse of forces always operative in the organizations.
From the changes in the leadership I have gained intense knowledge about the organisational change. I have understood that each of the change process has some steps. These steps are- recognition and starting the process, diagnosis, planning, implementation and reviewing progress and finally sustaining the change. Hence in bringing changes in my company Woolworths, proper time and effort are needed so that the change which will be brought can give the business sustainability and no such incident take place in the organization.
To share the impact of the incident on personal understanding, it can be said that there are diverse of operations present in the organization where I work and all of these operations are closely linked with one another. In case any of the layers gets affected it can harm the entire organization including its associates. Therefore, the management as well as the employees starting from ground level to the higher ones need to be always alert that the organization is indicating for any type of changes. Thus through proper objectives and planning the change will be implemented and reinforced for sustenance.
Therefore, it can be concluded that the organizational change is a critical aspect of business. Any type of organization whether big or small can be affected by internal or external crisis for which it needs to bring changes in the operations. In this case a huge change was needed for Woolworths to regain popularity in the Australian market and operate successfully with the full support of the stakeholders. The change in the organisation is not an easy process and affects the entire institution intensely. This is the reason why it must create scope open for change otherwise the business will be stagnating and finally demolished.
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Banit, O., 2017. The Influence of External and Internal Factors on Forming the System of Managers’ Professional Development at Transnational Corporations in Poland. Comparative Professional Pedagogy, 7(3), 62-69.
Cameron, K. and McNaughtan, J., 2014. Positive organizational change. The Journal of Applied Behavioral Science, 50(4), 445-462.
Farndale, E. and Kelliher, C., 2013. Implementing performance appraisal: Exploring the employee experience. Human Resource Management, 52(6), 879-897.
Holland, B. A., 2016. Factors and strategies that influence faculty involvement in public service. Journal of Higher Education Outreach and Engagement, 20(1), 63-72.
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Schulz, S. A., Martin, T. and Meyer, H. M., 2017. Factors influencing organization commitment: Internal marketing orientation, external marketing orientation, and subjective well-being. Journal of Management Development, 36(10), 1294-1303.
Woolworths.com.au. 2018. Woolworths.com.au. [online] Available at: https://www.woolworths.com.au/ [Accessed 1 Sep. 2018]
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