Pharmacology ATI Proctor Exam

PHARMACOLOGY ATI PROCTOR EXAM

A nurse is providing discharge dietary teaching to a client who has a something and is taking medication theophylline and to provide general instructions the nurse should include? Avoid caffeinated beverages

the nurse is mixing regular insulin and NPH into a syringe for a client who has diabetes mellitus. Which of the following actions should the nurse take first? Inject air into the NPH vial

a nurse is teaching a client who has a new prescription of Alendronate for osteoporosis. What instructions should the nurse include? Sit upright for at least 30 mins after taking the medication

a nurse is caring for a client who is postoperative following a thyroidectomy and is receiving morphine for pain. Which of the following findings should the nurse recognize as an adverse effect of morphine? Bladder distention

nurse is teaching a client who has pernicious anemia to self-administer cyanocobalamin. Which of the following information should the nurse include in the teaching? Administer the medication into one nostril once per week

a nurse is teaching a newly license nurse about medication reconciliation. The nurse should instruct the newly license nurse for medication reconciliation for which of the following clients?

A client who has been transferred to a step-down unit

a nurse is assessing a client how received a dinoprostone gel to stimulate the cervical ripening. Which of the following is the nurses priority? Uterine tachysystole

a nurse is performing a return demonstration of an enoxaparin administration. Which of the following client actions indicates an understanding of the teaching? Administers the medication into the abdomen

a nurse is assessing a client how has been taking digoxin and …… which of the following findings to the nurse indicates this client has developed digoxin toxicity? Blurred vision

a nurse is caring for a client who received neostigmine 1 hour ago and is experiencing muscarinic response. Which if the following manifestations should the nurse expect? Excessive salivation

a nurse in the emergency department is reviewing a medication record for client who reports vomiting blood. The nurse should anticipate the provider will discontinue which of the following medications? Clopidogrel

a nurse is assessing a who is receiving clindamycin. Which of the following findings should the nurse identify as an adverse effect of this medication? Watery diarrhea

a nurse is teaching a client who is to start taking Cromolyn. Which of the following information should the nurse include in the teaching? Cromolyn is a long-term management medication

a nurse is reviewing the medications of a client is experiencing orthostatic hypotension. The nurse should identify this finding as an adverse effect of which of the following medications?

Imipramine

a nurse is reviewing a client’s medical history before administering a new prescription of atropine. Which of the following client conditions is contraindicated? Glaucoma

a nurse is providing teaching to a client who has a new prescription for carbamazepine for the treatment of seizures. The nurse should instruct the client to monitor for which of the following adverse effects? Blurred vision

math problem: a nurse is preparing to administer 4000 units of heparin available is 10,000 units = 0.4

a nursing is caring for a client who reports that his current pain medication is no longer relieving her pain. Which of the following medications requires the nurse to obtain a written rather than a verbal prescription from the provider? Fentanyl

charge nurse is observing a newly licensed nurse provide care to a group of clients. Which of the following action by the newly licensed nurse requires the charge nurse to complete an incident report? a client who has a lithium level of 1.8 receives her morning dose

a nurse is caring for a client who has an alcohol use disorder and is experiencing withdrawals. Which of the following interventions is a priority at this time? Implement seizure precautions

a nurse is planning care for a group of clients. which of the following client's medications should be monitored by the nurse for hearing loss related to a medication interaction? furosemide and amikacin

a nurse is caring for a client who has major depression and a new prescription for citalopram. which of the following adverse effects is the priority for the nurse to report to the provider?

Insomnia       answer is either confusion or bruxism IDK (habitual grinding of teeth) look up

confusion

a nurse is caring for a client who requires a re-insertion of a short peripheral venous catheter. in which of the following locations should the nurse place the catheter? a vein on the clients wrist

a nurse is assessing a client who is in labor and is receiving epidural anesthesia. which of the following findings should the nurse identify as the priority? Hypotension

a nursing is providing teaching to a client who has a prescription for omeprazole. which of the following instructions should the nurse include in the teaching? long term use increases risk of fractures

a nurse is reviewing a client’s laboratory results before administering furosemide 40 mg IV bolus. For which of the following values should the nurse withhold the medication and contact the provider? Potassium 2.5 mEq/L

the nurse is assessing a client who takes glipizide for the treatment of type 2 diabetes mellitus. Which of the following findings indicates effectiveness of the medication?

Hgba1c 6.5%

Goal: keep levels below 7%. The HbA1c goal level for a client who has diabetes is between 6.5% and 7%.

a nurse in the emergency department is caring for a client who reports a severe headache. the client's blood pressure is 280/160 mm hg. the nurse should plan to administer which of the following medications? Nitroprusside

a nurse is teaching the parent of a toddler who is to begin taking ferrous fumarate. which of the following statements by the parent indicates an understanding of the teaching? I will rinse my child's mouth with water after she takes the medicine

a nurse is caring for a client who is to start therapy with lovastatin. the nurse should prepare the client for which of the following diagnostic assessments? liver function test

a nurse is developing a teaching plan for an older adult client who has a new prescription for insulin glargine. which of the following expected outcomes should the nurse include in the plan? the client will wear his reading glasses when drawing insulin glargine

a nurse is caring for a client who is receiving a continuous IV infusion of magnesium sulfate for preterm labor. the nurse should discontinue the infusion and prepare to administer claim gluconate if the client demonstrates which of the following findings? Select all that apply

absence of deep-tendon reflexes

 urine output 80 mL/hr

 decreased LOC

a nurse is teaching a client who has a new prescription for nitroglycerin patches. the nurse should identify which of the following statements as an indication that the client understands the teaching? I will rotate application site to avoid skin irritation

Nurse in a provider's office is preparing to teach a middle adult client who has a new diagnosis of metabolic syndrome and an HbA1c of 6.5%. Which of the following medications should the nurse plan to teach the client about first? Metformin

a nurse is teaching a client who has active pulmonary tuberculosis about management of medication for the disease. which of the following statements is appropriate for the nurse to make? you will need to take two or more medication to treat your disease

a nurse is planning care for a client who has a prescription for erythromycin lactobionate IV bolus. which of the following actions should the nurse include in the plan of care? monitor for hearing loss

a nurse is obtaining a medication history from a client who has gout and is prescribed probenecid. the nurse should notify the provider that the client is taking which of the following over-the counter medications? salicylic acid

A nurse is teaching a client who has HIV and a new prescription for efavirenz. Which of the following instructions should the nurse include in the teaching?notify provider for the appearance of a skin rash

a nurse is evaluating a client who has tuberculosis and has been taking rifampin for 1 month. which of the following laboratory tests should the nurse review to evaluate for an adverse effect of this medication?ALT

A nurse is teaching a client who has multiple allergies about using an epinephrine auto-injector. Which of the following instructions should the nurse include?Administer the medication through clothing if necessary

for ferrous gluconate. Which of the following statements by the client indicates an understanding of the teaching? I should stay upright for 15 minutes after taking this medication.

nurse is preparing to administer methylprednisolone sodium succinate 80 mg IV bolus. the nurse reconstitutes the 125 mg in the vial in powder form to 2 mL. How many mL should the nurse administer? 1.3

a nurse is caring for a client who has heart failure. The nurse administered furosemide 60 mg IV bolus 30 min earlier. For which of the following findings should the nurse notify the provider? Client reports difficulty hearing

A nurse is caring for a client who has diabetes mellitus and is taking pioglitazone. The nurse should plan to monitor the client for which of the following adverse effects?Orthostatic hypotension

a nurse is wanting to report a n infusion reaction for a client who is receiving a dose via IV of amphotericin B. which is the following findings that indicate to the nurse that the patient is experiencing an acute infusion reaction? Fever

a nurse is providing teaching to a client who has a new prescription for paroxetine. the nurse should instruct the client to monitor for which of the following adverse effects? drowsiness or Peripheral edema = IDK have to look it up

A client who has Graves' disease is prescribed methimazole. Which of the following effects should the nurse expect to see after the client has taken, he medication for 2 months? increased sleeping

a nurse is teaching a client who has a new prescription for ergotamine to treat vascular headaches. The nurse should inform the client that which of the following is a potential adverse effect of this medication? muscle pain

a nurse is reviewing a client's 0800 laboratory values at 1100. the nurse notes that the client received heparin at 1000. which of the following laboratory values warrants an incident report?

aPtt 90

a nurse is administering medications to a client. which of the following medications should the nurse plan to administer by a parental route. Fondaparinux

a nurse is assessing a client who takes levothyroxine for hypothyroidism. the nurse should identify that which of the following findings indicates the need for an increase in dosage? Select all that apply

 heart rate 46

 cold intolerance

 impaired short-term memory

a nurse is providing teaching to a client who has a new prescription for warfarin about potential interactions with over the counter products. which of the following products should the nurse instruct the client to avoid? Naproxen

A nurse is teaching a client who is to begin cyclophosphamide therapy to treat cancer. Which of the following adverse effects of this medication should the nurse include in the teaching?

Leukopenia

a nurse is reviewing the medical record of a client who is receiving vancomycin daily. the nurse should review which of the following laboratory results prior to administering the next dose? creatinine level

a nurse is providing teaching to a client who has a new prescription for phenelzine. which of the following foods should the nurse instruct the client to avoid? Cheddar cheese

Pseudoephedrine interacts with MAOI medications and is therefore contraindicated. Ingesting products containing ephedrine along with phenelzine can precipitate a hypertensive crisis.

a nurse eis preparing to administer nitroglycerin topical ointment to a client. which of the following actions should the nurse plan to take? measure dosage on medication applicator paper

a nurse is caring for a client who is taking azathioprine to treat rheumatoid arthritis. which of the following laboratory values indicates an adverse effect of this medication? WBC 3000

a nurse is providing teaching to a client who has a new prescription for phenelzine. the nurse instruct the client to avoid which of the following foods? smoked salmon

a nurse is reviewing the laboratory data of a client who is receiving filgrastim. which of the following laboratory values should the nurse monitor to evaluate the effectiveness of the treatment? WBC count

a nurse is planning to administer medications to a client who weighs 198 lb. he prescription reads, "filgrastim 5mcg/kg, subcutaneous, daily". available is filgrastim 300 mcg/mL. how many ml should the nurse plan to give with each dose? 1.5

a nurse is providing teaching to a client who has a new prescription for nitroglycerin. which of the following client statements indicates an understanding of the teaching? I will call 911 if pain is not relieved after taking the medication

a nurse is providing discharge teaching to a client who is receiving warfarin. Which of the following statements is appropriate to make? Avoid eating large amounts of cabbage and broccoli

a nurse is reviewing the medical record of a client who has sinusitis and a new prescription for cefuroxime. which of the following client information is the priority for the nurse to report to the provider? a client with a history of severe Penicillin allergy

a nurse recently administered filgrastim intravenously to a client who has cancer and is receiving cytotoxic chemotherapy. for which of the following data, discovered after the medication was administered, should the nurse file an incident report.? vile sat out for 2 hours at room temperature before administration

A nurse is assessing a client who is receiving heparin therapy for deep-vein thrombosis. Which of the following findings should indicate to the nurse that the therapy is effective? platelets within the expected range

A nurse receives a prescription to give tobramycin to a client daily. Which of the following laboratory values should the nurse report to the provider?

serum creatinine 2.5

S/E: ototoxicity, tinnitus, voice alteration, pseudomembranous, nephrotoxicity

a nurse is providing teaching to a client who has a new prescription for nitroglycerin sublingual. Which of the following client responses indicates an understanding of the teaching?

Keep tablets in dark container at room temperature

A nurse is reviewing a client's medical record before administering acetaminophen 650 mg PO every 6 hr. Which of the following findings indicates a need for the nurse to notify the provider? History of alcohol use disorder

A nurse is preparing to administer the initial dose of penicillin G IM to a client. The nurse should monitor for which of the following as an indication of an allergic reaction following the injection?Urticaria

A nurse is assessing a client who has been taking lithium for one year. Which of the following client reports is the nurse's priority? mild thirst

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